Impacts of Artificial Intelligence on CBW Prohibition

A series of projects working to describe & classify potential impacts of AI on CBW prohibition regimes; enhancing opportunities and mitigating risks.

The impacts of Artificial Intelligence technologies on CBW Prohibition regimes are various and multifaceted. Prominent examples of AIs designing novel chemical entities or use of drones in CBW delivery, focus attention towards short-term, malicious, material risks of AI, whilst potentially obfuscating uncertain, unintended, long-term risks. Similarly, a focus on the technological dimensions of risks here also take focus away from the sites of potential technology governance: designers and users of AI technologies. This stream of work aims to better frame the long-term risks of AI for the CBW prohibition regimes with a focus on the sites of most effective interventions and the actors that can be engaged to improve benefits and mitigate risks.

The project is led by Dr. Joshua R Moon & Dr. Alexander Ghionis, with core support from Shaunna McIvor & Boaz Chan, and consulting support from the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). The work stream has been funded thus far by two FCDO projects which have used a variety of methods: key stakeholder interviews, an in-depth review of AI ethics codes, and three participatory workshops designed to elicit a diversity of scenarios for potential impacts from AI on CBW prohibition.

The work stream also produces a quarterly update of a chronology of events related to the impacts of AI on CBW prohibition.

The project has, thus far, produced three outputs:

Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Chemical and Biological Weapons: A Chronology of Events — Versions: Oct 2023, Jan 2024

AI-Anxieties: framing the Artificial Intelligence challenge within the CBW prohibition regimes (2024). Alexander Ghionis and Joshua Moon; Policy Briefing — Available in English

AI Anxieties in the Chemical and Biological Weapons Prohibition Regimes (2023). Alexander Ghionis and Joshua Moon; Policy Briefing — Available in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish

‹‹ Back